Magic is a supernatural force that can alter the fabric of reality at fundamental levels. The ability to use magic is a hereditary trait passed down from a person's ancestors, which allows Wizards and Sorcerers to practise witchcraft and wizardry.
Magic is unable to be performed by Muggles and Squibs. Their inability to perform is what sets Muggles apart from the wizarding world. As such, as a substitute of magic, Muggles use technology. In the same sense, many wizards are ignorant of the workings of most Muggle devices, including electricity. Both the Muggle and the wizard view their choice of tool as completely and utterly logical and ordinary, although each would find the other's tools fascinating or even mysterious.
During these years, Goblin Rebellions break out all over Britain, and (perhaps not coincidentally) St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries is established. Muggle persecution reaches an all-time high, and it is very dark times for the magical community. The governments of the wizarding world meet to consider solutions to the crisis and create the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy of 1689 or 1692. This not only completes the separation of the two cultures but also lays the responsibility on the various wizarding governments in each country for maintaining the secrecy of everything from Quidditch games to dragons.
Over the years, for Muggles, magic becomes the stuff of fairy tales and legend. By 1750 the Ministries of Magic from each country assume responsibility for the control and secrecy of their local magical flora and fauna (example, the Ministry of Magic of Great Britain. Wizarding families begin to cluster around small towns all over Britain where they find relative safety and anonymity.
In the 19th century, giants warred amongst themselves, bringing their species to the brink of extinction. In 1811, Grogan Stump reforms the British Ministry of Magic. In 1881, Albus Dumbledore is born.
Prejudice against Muggles and the ideas of pure-blood supremacy is still very strong. These sentiments are manipulated by Gellert Grindelwald as he tries to establish a system that enslaves Muggles, but he is defeated in 1945.
Tom Riddle, after becoming Lord Voldemort, makes two attempts to take over control of the wizarding world in Britain. His first attempt, in the 1970s, is cut short in battle with James and Lily Potter and his defeat by Harry Potter (31 October, 1981).
The Giants, most of whom fought for Voldemort, retreat to northern Europe. Thirteen years later, Voldemort rises again (24 June, 1994), takes over the Ministry of Magic and Hogwarts (1 August, 1997) and is ultimately defeated by Harry Potter (2 May, 1998).
On January 1st, 2000, Magic became a worldwide phenomenon again, where many magical creatures, races, beings, and other phenomena began to appear in Muggle-majority locations. Soon enough by June of that year, the Wizarding World became exposed after Muggles began to notice all the strange things that wizards did in the shadows.
Muggle-Wizarding relations started up again after the reveal of their society, among several others. Wizards seem to be accepted in many countries but feared in just as many others. The U.S Government frequently cooperates with MACUSA, and Iceland began allowing Wizards to heal Muggle patients.
Forms of Magic
A list of types of Magic that can be praticed include;